Why does the NFL need a concussion protocol?
The NFL has been under fire for its handling of concussions over the last two years, and for its treatment of players who’ve been accused of serious brain injuries.
Now, a new study has found that concussion symptoms can linger after players have left the field.
The study is based on a study of more than 30,000 former NFL players, and is the first to use data from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R) to evaluate the long-term effects of concussive trauma on brain health.
The NCS-Rs are a longitudinal survey of the health of former NFL athletes that examines symptoms of chronic health problems and mental health problems.
They were designed to collect detailed data on the effects of head trauma and the symptoms that are triggered by it, and the extent to which those symptoms are related to concussion symptoms.
Previous studies have focused on the link between concussions and depression and anxiety, but this study found that the link is more complicated than previously thought.
The new study looked at the neuropsychological symptoms that participants experienced after a player’s last game of football.
In the past, researchers had focused on neurocognitive symptoms, such as short-term memory loss, and symptoms related to depression and mood.
In this study, they focused on symptoms related more to cognitive symptoms, including attention, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and memory.
In addition to looking at the long term effects of brain injury on the players, the researchers looked at their ability to function as adults.
Previous research has found a link between brain damage and memory problems, but the new study focused on what happens to brain health after players retire.
In other words, it looked at how brain health affects the brain of the player after he or she has left the game, rather than just the symptoms.
“There are a lot of questions we still need to answer in terms of how to protect ourselves and protect the players from further concussion risks,” said Dr. Eric Schoenfeld, who led the research.
“This is one area that has been particularly challenging to answer.”
The researchers found that cognitive symptoms had the strongest effect on how long players stayed in the hospital after leaving the game.
Cognitive symptoms include problems with attention, working memory, and attention-related skills.
While these symptoms are common, the new findings suggest that cognitive problems and cognitive symptoms are not the same thing.
The researchers also found that symptoms related primarily to attention were associated with brain health more than memory and mood symptoms.
Cognitive effects also appear to be linked to more frequent return to game days and the number of days a player played.
In contrast, symptoms related mostly to mood were associated more with less frequent return than cognitive symptoms.
Schoenfield believes that it’s important to note that these findings do not mean that there are no cognitive effects after a concussion, but that they do not have the same long-lasting effects.
“What we’re seeing is that the long run impacts of a concussion can last for several months, so the short-run impacts are more subtle,” he said.
“If a player comes back and starts working, it’s much more noticeable to the team, and they’re more likely to be able to perform at a high level after the game.”
What does the research say?
The researchers analyzed the data from more than 1,200 former players between 2001 and 2008.
Of those, more than two-thirds (68 percent) of the participants reported symptoms related only to attention problems.
The next most common symptoms were depression and anger.
The remaining symptoms were anxiety, mood disorders, and substance abuse.
The majority of the former players were white males between the ages of 25 and 35.
The authors also looked at symptoms related mainly to memory, working, and learning abilities.
They found that these symptoms were associated mainly with the short term effects.
These symptoms were more common among those who were diagnosed with a concussion and experienced it within the first week of their diagnosis.
These findings suggest there may be a short-lived impact of concussion on brain functioning, and this may be especially important for older players who may have suffered multiple concussions.
The most common symptom of a head injury was a temporary loss of cognitive ability.
Symptoms related to mood, anxiety, and depression were most common, and were most frequent in the immediate aftermath of a game.
Schumann and his colleagues are now planning to do a larger study to examine whether these symptoms affect memory and attention skills after a long-distance flight or game, or whether they affect other aspects of cognition after a game, such a working memory.
“These findings provide important insight into how cognitive symptoms may change in the days after a traumatic brain injury, and how the longterm impact of brain damage may impact cognitive functioning,” said Schoenstein.
“The fact that symptoms associated with cognitive symptoms can be associated with symptoms of brain health suggests that the longer-term impact on cognition may have long-range consequences for the health and wellbeing of the brain after