How to treat an ‘anomaly’ in your eyes
A new study has shown that an ophthalmologist can help patients with an eye injury, even if they do not have a congenital anomaly.
The researchers say the technique could help thousands of people across India.
In the study published in the journal Ophthalmology International, Dr Ramesh Patel and his colleagues from the Mayo Clinic and the University of Arizona in Arizona, US, used a technique called microsurgical laser fixation to fix an eye defect in patients with congenital iris or macular degeneration.
A congenital abnormality is an abnormal development of the eye.
“For people with an iris defect, the fixation requires some degree of surgery, but for people with a macular deficit, it’s relatively easy to fix the problem by microsurgically fixing the defect,” Dr Patel told The Hindu.
According to Dr Patel, it is not uncommon for people to have a macula defect.
His team used microsurgery to fix this macular defect in nine patients.
“We found that microsuscitation can repair the defect and prevent scarring,” Dr. Patel said.
“A lot of people who have had a defect in the eye, we see, have no scarring at all.”
Dr Patel’s team said that the procedure was quick and painless.
They also used micro-surgical fixation to remove macular abnormalities that were not present in the eyes of their patients.
Dr Patel said microsural fixation could also be used to treat people with vision loss caused by congenital macular defects.
If the ophthalmic surgeon believes the patient’s vision is normal, they can use the procedure to fix their sight without the need for surgery.
In a study published by the American Academy of Ophthalmologists, Dr. Andrew Zollinger of the University at Albany, New York, and colleagues used a micrososcopic technique to fix a maculopilotic defect in a patient with retinitis pigmentosa, a genetic disorder that affects retinal cells.
This patient had a genetic mutation in the gene for a protein that allows the formation of scar tissue on the retina.
The researchers said that using micrososcopy to fix such a defect could save lives and improve the quality of life for people affected by the disease.
“The microsocopic technique could potentially save lives in this patient and reduce the risk of retinal scarring, a common complication of retinoblastoma, a rare genetic disease of the retina,” Dr Zollingers study said.
The procedure is safe, inexpensive and effective, Dr Patel said, adding that it can be done in under 15 minutes.
Micrososcopes are being used in other parts of the world to treat a variety of diseases, including macular disorders.